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MEDICAL TOURISM IN ROMANIA. Alba Iulia fortress.

02 Jan

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TOP MEDICAL TOURISM IN ROMANIA.The change of the Guard – Alba Iulia fortress

Alba Iulia is an ancient city in Transylvania, located on the Mures river. Since the High Middle Ages , the city has been the seat of Transylvania’s Roman Catholic diocese. Between 154 and 1690 it was the capital of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the latter Principality of Transylvania. It is a historically important city for Romanians, Hungarians and Transylvanian Saxons.

The main historical area of Alba Iulia is the Upper Town region, developed by Charles VI of the Holy Roman Empire in honour of whom the Habsburgs renamed the city Karlsburg.

The fortress , with seven bastions in a stellar shape , was constructed between 1716 and 1735 , by two fortification architects of Swiss origin. The first one was Giovanni Morandi Visconti , who constructed two old Italian stile bastion , followed by Nicolaus Doxat de Demoret  nicknamed “Austrian Vauban”. The two architects radically transformed ( after 1720) the medieval fortress shaped by the former Roman Castrum into a seven-bastion baroque fortress , developing Menno van Coehorn’s new dutch system , of which the fortress of Alba Iulia is the best preserved example.

The change of guard in the city of Alba Iulia takes place every day at 12 o’clock on a well established trail. This spectacular event is made by 50 soldiers dressed in medieval Austrian army.

Changing of the guard in the city is a wonderful spectacle that should necessarily see it.

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Posted by on January 2, 2013 in TRAVEL IN ROMANIA

 

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