Calnic is a commune in Alba County and it is known for its castle , which is on UNESCO ‘s list of Wold Heritage Sites. The name of the settlement comes from the slave “kal”or “kalnik”=clay. The Saxon name of the locality is Kelling and is coming from the early masters , the nobles Kelling. One of them , Chyl de Kelling built in the middle of the 13-th century the dungeon of Calnic and used it as housing. At Calnic was found prehistoric material and vague medieval traces from the 11-12-th centuries , but the medieval settlement itself dates from the 12-13-th centuries. The last descendent of the noble family sold the fortress to the Saxon peasant community of Calnic. The fortress was restored between 1962-1964 by the Romanian board for Historical Monuments and today has been transformed into an international scientific and cultural center.
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