Făgăraș was during the Middle Ages, together with Amlas, a traditional Romanian enclave in Transylvania. The first written document mentioning Romanians in Transylvania referred to Vlach lands (“Terra Blacorum”) in the Fogaras Region in 1222. (In this document, Andrew II of Hungary gave Burzenland and the Cuman territories South of Burzenland up to the Danube to the Teutonic Knights.After the Tatar invasion in 1241-1242, Saxons settled in the area. In 1369, Louis I of Hungary gave the Royal Estates of Făgăraș to his vassal, Vladislav I of Wallachia, the territory remained in the possession of Wallachian Princes until 1464.
Except for this period of Wallachian rule, the town itself was centre of the surrounding royal estates.
During the rule of Transylvanian Prince Gabriel Bethlen (1613–1629), the city became an economic role model city in the southern regions of the realm. Bethlen rebuilt the fortress entirely.
Ever since that time, Făgăraș was the residence of the wives of Transylvanian Princes, as an equivalent of Veszprem, the Hungarian “city of queens”. Of these,Zsuzsanna Loprantffy,a the widow of George I Rakoczy established a Romanian school here in 1658. Probably the most prominent of the princesses residing in the town was the orphan Princess Kata Bethlen (1700–1759), buried in front of the Reformed church. The church holds several precious relics of her life. Her bridal gown, with the family coat of arms embroidered on it, and her bridal veil now covers the altar table.Both are made of yellow silk.
Făgăraș was the site of several Transylvanian Diets, mostly during the reign of Michael I Apafi.
The church was built around 1715-1740. Not far from it is the Radu Negru high school – built around 1909. It was originally a Hungarian language middle school whereBabits Mihaly taught for a while.
A local legend says that Negru Voda left the central fortress to travel south past the Transyvanian Alps to become the founder of the Principality of Wallachia, althoughBasarab I is traditionally known as the 14th century founder of the state. By the end of the 12th century the fortress itself was made of wood, but it was reinforced in the 14th century and became a stone fortification.
In the beginning of the 20th century, namely in 1910 the town had 6,579 inhabitants with the following proportion: 3357 Hungarian, 2174 Romanian and 1003 German.
Făgăraș’s castle was used as a stronghold by the Communist State of Romania. During the 1950s it was a prison for opponents and dissidents After the fall of thecommunist State in 1989, the castle has been restored and is currently used as a museum and library.
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