RSS

MEDICAL TOURISM IN ROMANIA – Fagaras Fortress

03 May

fAGARAS fORTERSS

Făgăraș was during the Middle Ages, together with Amlas, a traditional Romanian enclave in Transylvania. The first written document mentioning Romanians in Transylvania referred to Vlach lands (“Terra Blacorum”) in the Fogaras Region in 1222. (In this document, Andrew II of Hungary gave Burzenland and the Cuman territories South of Burzenland up to the Danube to the Teutonic Knights.After the Tatar invasion in 1241-1242, Saxons settled in the area. In 1369, Louis I of Hungary gave the Royal Estates of Făgăraș to his vassal, Vladislav I of Wallachia, the territory remained in the possession of Wallachian Princes until 1464.

Except for this period of Wallachian rule, the town itself was centre of the surrounding royal estates.

During the rule of Transylvanian Prince Gabriel Bethlen (1613–1629), the city became an economic role model city in the southern regions of the realm. Bethlen rebuilt the fortress entirely.

Ever since that time, Făgăraș was the residence of the wives of Transylvanian Princes, as an equivalent of Veszprem, the Hungarian “city of queens”. Of these,Zsuzsanna Loprantffy,a the widow of George I Rakoczy established a Romanian school here in 1658. Probably the most prominent of the princesses residing in the town was the orphan Princess Kata Bethlen (1700–1759), buried in front of the Reformed church. The church holds several precious relics of her life. Her bridal gown, with the family coat of arms embroidered on it, and her bridal veil now covers the altar table.Both are made of yellow silk.

Făgăraș was the site of several Transylvanian Diets, mostly during the reign of Michael I Apafi.

The church was built around 1715-1740. Not far from it is the Radu Negru high school – built around 1909. It was originally a Hungarian language middle school whereBabits Mihaly taught for a while.

A local legend says that Negru Voda left the central fortress to travel south past the Transyvanian Alps to become the founder of the Principality of Wallachia, althoughBasarab I is traditionally known as the 14th century founder of the state. By the end of the 12th century the fortress itself was made of wood, but it was reinforced in the 14th century and became a stone fortification.

In the beginning of the 20th century, namely in 1910 the town had 6,579 inhabitants with the following proportion: 3357 Hungarian, 2174 Romanian and 1003 German.

Făgăraș’s castle was used as a stronghold by the Communist State of Romania. During the 1950s it was a prison for opponents and dissidents  After the fall of thecommunist State in 1989, the castle has been restored and is currently used as a museum and library.

YOU MAY ALSO WANT TO KNOW ABOUT OUR TRAVEL PACKAGES !

LEAVE A COMMENT HERE!

Want to use this article in your ezine or web site? You can , as long as you include this complete blurb with it : ” Intermedline puts at your fingertips the best medical tourism packages abroad , at http://www.intermedline.com/ ”

LIKE WHAT YOU READ? IF SO, JOIN THE COMMUNITY. ENTER YOUR NAME AND EMAIL BELOW.

PRESS THIS LINK AND EMAIL ME – SPECIAL DEALS &NEWS FOR YOU! SIGN UP FOR YOUR FREE INTERMEDLINE FEE WITH YOUR EMAIL TODAY!

Advertisements
 
Leave a comment

Posted by on May 3, 2013 in TRAVEL IN ROMANIA

 

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: